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Catarina Woyames Dreher

Catarina Woyames Dreher


Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Winfried Kluth

Project: The (in)determinacy of the requirement of consultation with indigenous peoples under the Brazilian legal system

Catarina Woyames is a PhD candidate at the Graduate School "Society and Culture in Motion" and at the School of Law of the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg. Her thesis analyzes opportunities and challenges of new technologies for the inclusion of indigenous peoples in the democratic process in Latin America. Her broader research interests include participatory democracy, digital inequalities in Latin America, human rights, and big data. Following undergraduate studies in  Minas Gerais, Brazil, Catarina earned a Master’s degree in International Public Law and European Law from Coimbra Faculty of Law, Portugal. She was a visiting scholar at Paris Pantheón-Assas, the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law in Heidelberg, Germany, and she was a fellow at The Hague Academy of International Public Law. Amongst others, she participated in conferences and workshops of the School of South Governance at the Organization of American States (OAS), the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) of the United Nations and the International Workshop on Gender and Cybersecurity in Léon, Spain. Catarina is a member of the Noncommercial Users Constituency (NCUC) of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN).

PhD Abstract

Originally, the requirement of consultation with indigenous peoples was conceived as an obligation of conduct related to property. Jurisprudence of international organs and some state practices however appear to suggest that consultation might be invoking aspects beyond property law. To shed light on this conflict of legal interpretations, the analysis there will be conduct of the requirement of consultation transgresses the issue of property rights and considers consultation also as a potential means to further self-determination, cultural integrity and equality. The research approach of the study is thereby twofold: First, it seeks to analyze the requirement of consultation with indigenous peoples in the international realm. Second, the study zooms in on Brazilian court practices by investigating particular cases regarding the requirement of consultation with indigenous peoples in the context of the exploitation activities. Thus, the analysis traces the legal developments in the Inter-American Human Rights System (IAHRS) and in the Brazilian legal system. In a deductive approach, will be analyzed doctrines, jurisprudence, international treaties and official data. This supports the broader objective to explore empirical facts and evaluates the evidence in context of theoretical considerations regarding the normativity and the effectiveness of the national and international courts as adjudicators. The work contributes to the theoretical understanding of the requirement of consultation under Brazilian legal system as considers practical ways on how to enforce domestic redress through court sentences for avoiding legal indeterminacy.


Woyames, Catarina (2017) “Using E-democracy for the Political Inclusion of Indigenous Peoples in Latin America, Oxford Internet   ”, Contribution to the Connected Life Conference, Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford. (Accessible  via   )

Woyames, Catarina (2017) “A política energética da União  Europeia sob a perspectiva dos direitos humanos: rumo à  sustentabilidade e desenvolvimento de um espaço verde comum”. In:  Paradigmas do Direito atual. Portela, Irene; Miranda, Rubén, Veiga;  Fábio (eds.), Centro de Investigação Jurídica Aplicada Publisher.  (ISBN: 978-989-99861-2-1)

Woyames, Catarina (2017) “Tentativas  de impedir a proliferação nuclear: a experiência da Europa e a recente  decisão da Corte Internacional de Justiça”.  In: Tribunais  Internacionais e a relação entre o Direito Internacional e o Direito  Interno. Núcleo de Estudos em Tribunais Internacionais da Faculdade de  Direito de São Paulo (USP), Menezes, Wagner (eds), Arraes Publisher.  (ISBN: 978-85-8238-266-0)

Woyames, Catarina (2017) “Same rights online and offline   : perspective of gender on times of technology.”  In: Derecho, gobernanza e innovación   : Dilemas  jurídicos de la contemporaneidad en perspectiva transdisciplinar”.  Miranda, Rúben (eds), Universidade Portucalense Publisher.  (ISBN 978-972-9354-46-5)

Woyames, Catarina (2016) “Asilo a refugiados marítimos na União  Europeia: a construção de um espaço comum de proteção e de  solidariedade”. In: Tribunais internacionais e as fontes do direito  internacional, Menezes, Wagner (eds)
Arraes Publisher. (ISBN 978-85-8238-220-2)

Woyames, Catarina (2016) “Águas turvas: entre os direitos  humanos e a detenção em alto-mar” . In  Dimensões dos Direitos  Humanos. Miranda, Rúben (eds). Universidade Portucalense Infante D.  Henrique Publisher (ISBN: 978-972-9354-45-8)

Woyames, Catarina (2016) “Responsabilidade  Internacional do Estado: evolução do conceito pela Comissão de Direito  Internacional e imprescindibilidade do ato ilícito para o seu  surgimento.   ” Revista Peruana de Estudios Internacionales (2), Lima, Peru. (Accessible via   )

Soares, Flávia; Woyames, Catarina (2015) “A Legitimidade Da Responsabilidade De Proteger – R2p - Como Norma Soft Law Na Segurança Coletiva”.    CONPEDI/UFMG/FUMEC/Dom Helder Câmara, Polido, Fabricio; Souza, Florisbal; Araújo, Nadia (eds). (ISBN: 978-85-5505-099-2)

Woyames, Catarina (2015) “Literary woman” versus “economic man”   : o antagonismo entre a análise legal feminista e o direito e economia.” Anamorphosis   : Revista Internacional de Direito e Literatura, 1    (2). (Accessible via   )

Lamourier, Gabriela, Woyames, Catarina (2015) “O  direito à diferença: a permissão das técnicas de reprodução assistida a  casais homossexuais em face do princípio da dignidade da pessoa  humana”.  In: Respeito à dignidade da pessoa humana, Cançado Trindade,  Antônio; Leal, César (eds). Instituto Brasileiro de Direitos Humanos  Publisher. (Accessible viaà-dignidade-da-pessoa-humana.jpg.pdf   )

Woyames, Catarina (2014) “O Direito Internacional Humanitário: a  procura por uma alternativa eficaz à prática humanitária”.  Revista do  Centro de Estudos de Direito Internacional, (13). (Accessible via    ISSN 1981-9439)

Books Published:

Woyames, Catarina (2017) “A Proteção de Mulheres em Conflitos  Armados Não Internacionais”. Conhecimento Publisher.  (ISBN-10: 8593869084, ISBN-13: 978-8593869082)

Woyames, Catarina (2018) “O Direito Internacional Humanitário e  a Guerra”.  Novas Edições Acadêmicas Publisher (ISBN 978-613-9-61673-2)